This term is used to describe the vast majority of our shoes that are available online. It means that the shoe will fit the vast majority of people that do not have overly wide or narrow feet, and so we generally say that you should stick with the size that you usually go for in shoes. However, caution must be taken when purchasing “Average Fit” shoes if you have a high instep because you may then need to consider a shoe that is more generous on the width and height on the instep.
Ball (of the foot)
The ball of the foot is where the toes join with the rest of the foot
The word “brogue” was first used to describe a form of outdoor, country walking shoe in the early twentieth century. These days the brogue implies a type of decoration executed on the upper (pattern made by perforations in the leather)
Calf leather is a softer type of leather compared to the normal leather.
The circumference of the boot around the widest part.
A type of boot with no laces and an elastic gusset on the side
Crepe soles are made of natural crude rubber, the manufacturing process involves mixing latex with a natural material to achieve the required density and texture.
Dainite soles are a more durable option compared to leather in mens formal shoes. The key benefits include better performance in wet weather and when worn in snow. Dainite soles will last considerably longer compared to the leather, they are reinforced by silica and aluminum silicate.
Originally designed for sailing, now quite popular as casual summer shoes. Traditionally worn barefoot.
A traditional boot design developed by Clarks, designed for use in sand. The design has grown in popularity to become a popular choice for casual wear. The Desert Boots have the signature crepe rubber sole.
A diamond simulant made of rock crystal, glass or acrylic.
Traditionally a fabric shoe with a rope sole. Modern shoes use rubber soles made to look like rope on the sides.
We use this term to describe a shoe that comes up longer in the length than expected. Depending on what type of shoe it is, a Generous Fit may or may not be advantageous. For instance, if you were purchasing a high-heeled shoe to be worn in the evening, then a more secure fit would be appropriate. In this instance, we would recommend going down half a size. On the other hand, if you were purchasing an all day walking shoe, then a Generous Fit would be advantageous as it would give your feet extra space for when they get hot, and also permitting a thicker sock to be worn if desired.
Refer to Geox Respira
A strappy sandal design that is very popular during summer seasons. Designed to protect the sole while keeping the feet well ventilated.
Lining of a shoe made using a single piece of leather.
This is a type of lining used in many of our styles and guarantees that they are 100% waterproof, yet still breathable. This lining is often found in walking and hiking apparel and shoes that are designed for all weather wear.
The elevation of the rear part of the sole in relation to the ground
The rounded posterior portion of the human foot under and behind the ankle.
In footwear, injection mouding technology primarily applies to soles. It involves filling a void model of the sole with hot rubber or polyurethane which stiffens as it cools.
Injection moulded soles can offer better durability but generally can-not be replaced. Injection moulding is also used in the manufacturing of Crocs shoes.
The insole is generally a piece of material lining the bottom part of the shoe’s insides. Some shoes have removable insoles, which can be replaced by custom moulded orthopaedic ones
When referring to human feet, the instep is the arched middle part of the foot between the toes and the ankle.
In a shoe the instep is the area covering the instep of the foot
This is a short slender heel, typically 3.5 ~ 5cm in height with a slight curve, setting the heel in from the edge of the shoe.
Latex is a natural rubber which is extracted from flowering plants.
Leather has been the traditional material for making the soles of the shoes for centuries. These days the leather soles are used mainly in formal shoes. Leather soles are not as weather resistant as rubber soles, please take this into consideration when buying.
This term means that the material used on the outside of the shoe is real leather and is not synthetic. It does not imply, however, that the lining is also real leather, as this would be stated separately.
A name for a slip-on shoe
A court shoe with a characteristic strap over the instep.
A lightweight shoe traditionally designed from one piece of leather. In modern days the term is applied to shoes that have the characteristic stitching around the front of the upper.
Leather treated with wax or oil. It is really supple and offers great performance in wet conditions.
Oxford Toe Cap
A single piece of leather toe cap in mens formal shoes.
Patent leather has a smooth glossy finish and is highly reflective. The material originates in Japan where the leather was laquered to provide it with a characteristic shimmer. In modern days the leather is coated with thin layer of plastic to achieve the same effect.
Polyurethane is a strong plastic commonly used in production of carrier bags and plastic bottles. It is relatively cheap and easy to shape making it a popular choice in producing the shoe soles. Polyurethane soles can also be quite light. They are not as durable as other synthetic materials and can wear unevenly.
Protector spray is a special substance developed to repel water and protect the sprayed material. We believe it’s a must-use treatment for all leather products, especially before using the new product and before wearing something in wet and snow.
Compared to leather, raw hide is believed to be more durable and stiff. It is produced by stretching the skin and then drying it out. Due to the basic treatment the raw hide absorbs water easier than leather and if left wet it will quickly become soft and stretch.
Ecco’s design of the sole which aids walking and balance in performance footwear.
“Breathable” in Italian, this is a technology developed by Geox that allows the shoe to let out sweat and moisture while not letting the water in.
A device to help keep the shape of the shoe’s upper
A design in between a shoe and an ankle boot.
This is the most common type of leather used for making of shoe’s uppers. The outer side of the skin is used on the outside of the shoe. Smooth leathers are available in a variety of looks, usually determined by the tanning process and finishing (ie burnished effect)
This classic heel type is a long, thin high heel found on some boots and high-heeled shoes. The height of the heel varies depending whether or not the shoe has a platform sole. A true stiletto has a reinforcing pin of steel or other alloy within the heel, adding strength to this type of construction.
Suede leather is a softer material compared to the standard leather. It is produced by abasing the skin on the inside, so the skin side is facing inside the shoe. Suede is more prone to marks. It also absorbs water easily.
Please use the protector spray to look after suede products.
The outer part of the shoe which does not include the sole.
Velcro, also known as Hook and Loop is a modern material used to replace the traditional lace, zip and buckle fastenings in shoes. It is generally used in children footwear, casual footwear aimed at cold weathers. Hook and loop fastenings provide the best grip when kept clean.
Vibram are a company manufacturing high performance soles targeted at outdoor, work, recreation, fashion, repair and orthopaedic markets. The soles are designed with comfort and performance in mind, while not sacrificing
— This is a type of sole unit in the form of a wedge so that one piece of material serves as both the heel and the sole.
- Ladies footwear is made in a C width fitting which is the narrowest up to a EEE which is the widest.
- Mens footwear is generally made in G width fittings and wider shoes are made in H widths.
- Children’s shoes are made for an E width which is very narrow and H which is wide; F and G are average widths which are the most common.
This describes the style of shoes that are wider than Shoes of this type can help alleviate the discomfort experienced when wearing shoes that are too narrow for your feet and can reduce the pressure on the small toe, giving it more room. Wider shoes are also suitable for people who have a high instep as they provide more space for the top of the foot.
Yak leathers are supple and strong, they are up to three times stronger than normal leather. Yak leather has a natural, rugged appearance and as such, many show markings. (As stated by Ecco)